Eating Disorders In weight-related Therapy (EDIT) Collaboration: Rationale and study design.
Nutrition research reviews 2023
Lister NB, Baur LA, Paxton SJ, Garnett SP, Ahern AL, Wilfley D, Maguire S, Sainsbury A, Steinbeck K, Braet C, Hill A, Nicholls D, Jones RA, Dammery G, Grunseit A, Cooper K, Kyle TK, Heeren FN, Hunter KE, McMaster CM, Johnson BJ, Seidler AL, Jebeile H
PubMed ID : 36788665
URL : https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/nutrition-research-reviews/article/eating-disorders-in-weightrelated-therapy-edit-collaboration-rationale-and-study-design/F7B366A80FEBC2C3B049F284200A2B4F
The cornerstone of obesity treatment is behavioural weight management, resulting in significant improvements in cardio-metabolic and psychosocial health. However, there is ongoing concern that dietary interventions used for weight management may precipitate the development of eating disorders. Systematic reviews demonstrate that, while for most participants medically supervised obesity treatment improves risk scores related to eating disorders, a subset of people who undergo obesity treatment may have poor outcomes for eating disorders. This review summarises the background and rationale for the formation of the Eating Disorders In weight-related Therapy (EDIT) Collaboration. The EDIT Collaboration will explore the complex risk factor interactions that precede changes to eating disorder risk following weight management. In this review, we also outline the program of work and design of studies for the EDIT Collaboration, including expected knowledge gains. The EDIT studies explore risk factors and the interactions between them using individual level data from international weight management trials. Combining all available data on eating disorder risk from weight management trials will allow sufficient sample size to interrogate our hypothesis: that individuals undertaking weight management interventions will vary in their eating disorder risk profile, based on personal characteristics and intervention strategies available to them. The collaboration includes the integration of health consumers in project development and translation. An important knowledge gain from this project is a comprehensive understanding of the impact of weight management interventions on eating disorder risk.