Serum lipoprotein lipase concentration and risk for future coronary artery disease: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study.
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 2005 ; 26: 637-42.
Rip J, Nierman MC, Wareham NJ, Luben R, Bingham SA, Day NE, van Miert JN, Hutten BA, Kastelein JJ, Kuivenhoven JA, Khaw KT, and Boekholdt SM
PubMed ID : 16373616
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, but prospective population data are lacking. This is mainly because of the need for cumbersome heparin injections, which are necessary for LPL measurements. Recent retrospective studies, however, indicate that LPL concentration can be reliably measured in serum that enabled evaluation of the prospective association between LPL and future CAD.
LPL concentration was determined in serum samples of men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk population cohort who developed fatal or nonfatal CAD during 7 years of follow-up. For each case (n=1006), 2 controls, matched for age, sex, and enrollment time, were identified. Serum LPL concentration was lower in cases compared with controls (median and interquartile range: 61 [43-85] versus 66 [46-92] ng/mL; P<0.0001). Those in the highest LPL concentration quartile had a 34% lower risk for future CAD compared with those in the lowest quartile (odds ratio [OR] 0.66; confidence interval [CI], 0.53 to 0.83; P<0.0001). This effect remained significant after adjustment for blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, body mass index, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (OR, 0.77; CI, 0.60-0.99; P=0.02). As expected from LPL biology, additional adjustments for either high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) or triglyceride (TG) levels rendered loss of statistical significance. Of interest, serum LPL concentration was positively linear correlated with HDL and LDL size.
Reduced levels of serum LPL are associated with an increased risk for future CAD. The data suggest that high LPL concentrations may be atheroprotective through decreasing TG levels and increasing HDL-C levels.