Longitudinal associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with arterial health in children - the PANIC study.
Journal of sports sciences 2021 ; 39: 1980-1987.
PubMed ID : 33829952
We investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with arterial health among children. In our primary analyses, we investigated 245 children (girls 51.8%) aged 6-9 years participating in the baseline examinations who had data on arterial health at 2-year follow-up. We also utilized a subsample of 90 children who had a complete arterial health data at baseline and 2-year follow-up. ST (≤1.5 METs), light PA (>1.5-4 METs), moderate PA (>4-7 METs), vigorous PA (>7METs), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA, >4 METs) were assessed by combined movement and heart rate monitoring and CRF by maximal exercise testing on a cycle ergometer at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Stiffness index (SI) as a measure of arterial stiffness and change in reflection index during exercise test (DRI) as a measure of arterial dilation capacity were assessed by pulse contour analysis. Two-year change in vigorous PA was associated with DRI in boys but not in girls (p=0.021 for interaction). In a subsample analyses, 2-year changes in MPA, VPA, and MVPA were inversely associated with 2-year change in SI. In conclusion, promoting PA at higher intensities may confer larger benefits on arterial health than reducing ST and increasing LPA.