Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption May Modify Associations Between Genetic Variants in the CHREBP (Carbohydrate Responsive Element Binding Protein) Locus and HDL-C (High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol) and Triglyceride Concentrations.
Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine 2021 ; 14: e003288.
Haslam DE, Peloso GM, Guirette M, Imamura F, Bartz TM, Pitsillides AN, Wang CA, Li-Gao R, Westra JM, Pitkänen N, Young KL, Graff M, Wood AC, Braun KVE, Luan J, Kähönen M, Kiefte-de Jong JC, Ghanbari M, Tintle N, Lemaitre RN, Mook-Kanamori DO, North K, Helminen M, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Snetselaar L, Martin LW, Viikari JS, Oddy WH, Pennell CE, Rosendall FR, Ikram MA, Uitterlinden AG, Psaty BM, Mozaffarian D, Rotter JI, Taylor KD, Lehtimäki T, Raitakari OT, Livingston KA, Voortman T, Forouhi NG, Wareham NJ, de Mutsert R, Rich SS, Manson JE, Mora S, Ridker PM, Merino J, Meigs JB, Dashti HS, Chasman DI, Lichtenstein AH, Smith CE, Dupuis J, Herman MA, and McKeown NM
PubMed ID : 34270325
PMCID : PMC8373451
ChREBP (carbohydrate responsive element binding protein) is a transcription factor that responds to sugar consumption. Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and genetic variants in the locus have separately been linked to HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and triglyceride concentrations. We hypothesized that SSB consumption would modify the association between genetic variants in the locus and dyslipidemia.
Data from 11 cohorts from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology consortium (N=63 599) and the UK Biobank (N=59 220) were used to quantify associations of SSB consumption, genetic variants, and their interaction on HDL-C and triglyceride concentrations using linear regression models. A total of 1606 single nucleotide polymorphisms within or near were considered. SSB consumption was estimated from validated questionnaires, and participants were grouped by their estimated intake.
In a meta-analysis, rs71556729 was significantly associated with higher HDL-C concentrations only among the highest SSB consumers (β, 2.12 [95% CI, 1.16-3.07] mg/dL per allele; <0.0001), but not significantly among the lowest SSB consumers (=0.81; <0.0001). Similar results were observed for 2 additional variants (rs35709627 and rs71556736). For triglyceride, rs55673514 was positively associated with triglyceride concentrations only among the highest SSB consumers (β, 0.06 [95% CI, 0.02-0.09] ln-mg/dL per allele, =0.001) but not the lowest SSB consumers (=0.84; =0.0005).
Our results identified genetic variants in the locus that may protect against SSB-associated reductions in HDL-C and other variants that may exacerbate SSB-associated increases in triglyceride concentrations. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00005133, NCT00005121, NCT00005487, and NCT00000479.