Dietary intake of vegetables and fruits among adults in five regions of Spain. EPIC Group of Spain. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999 ; 53: 174-80.
Agudo A, Amiano P, Barcos A, Barricarte A, Beguiristain JM, Chirlaque MD, Dorronsoro M, González CA, Lasheras C, Martínez C, Navarro C, Pera G, Quirós JR, Rodríguez M, and Tormo MJ
DOI : 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600694
PubMed ID : 10201797
To assess the consumption of vegetables and fruits (V&F) in adults from five regions in Spain according to sex, age and educational level.
Cross-sectional study within the members of the EPIC cohort in Spain.
Three regions of the north of Spain (Asturias, Guipúzcoa and Navarra) and two regions of the south of Spain (Granada and Murcia).
41448 healthy volunteers (15365 men, 25813 women), aged 29-69 y.
Information on habitual diet during the previous year was collected by means of a computerised version of a diet history questionnaire.
Among men, the mean daily consumption of vegetables and of fruits was 273.7 g (3.4 servings) and 348.3 g (4.4 servings) respectively. Among women, the corresponding vegetables and fruit intakes per day were 244.4g (3.1 servings) and 349.4g (4.4 servings). The total V&F intake tended to increase with age and educational level. Overall, 74% of subjects consumed 400 g/d (5 servings) of vegetables and fruit.
Consumption of vegetables and fruits in healthy adults in Spain is considerably higher than in most European countries and the United States; this complies with what is considered to be the Mediterranean diet. Despite some regional differences, there were no clearly differentiated patterns of V&F intake between southern and northern regions within Spain.