Metabolic syndrome in children: comparison of the International Diabetes Federation 2007 consensus with an adapted National Cholesterol Education Program definition in 300 overweight and obese French children.
Hormone research in paediatrics 2008 ; 73: 181-6.
DOI : 10.1159/000284359
PubMed ID : 20197670
PMCID : 0
Former definitions of metabolic syndrome (MS) in children have been adapted from adult MS definitions using age-related thresholds for each biochemical component, whereas the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition is based on absolute values. We compared the IDF childhood MS definition (IDF-MS) to the adapted National Cholesterol Education Program (adapted-NCEP) definition in overweight children.
300 overweight and obese children were included with a median age of 11 years and BMI SDS of +4.7.
Below 10 years of age, the frequency of MS according to the adapted-NCEP-MS definition was 18.6%, and 86.1% had abdominal obesity. In children aged 10 to <16 years (n = 214), the frequency of IDF-MS was 8.9% compared to 14.5% by adapted-NCEP. IDF-MS children had a larger waist circumference, and higher triglycerides, fasting insulin and tended to be older than the intermediate severity group of children with MS only according to adapted-NCEP. Children with MS only according to adapted-NCEP (IDF-MS negative), differed from non-MS children in systolic blood pressure, triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
The recent IDF-MS criterion in children represents a more severe definition and appears to identify a group of children with higher fasting insulin than the adapted-MS definition which uses age-related thresholds (90th percentile).