A Domain-Specific Approach for Assessing Physical Activity Efficacy in Adolescents: From Scale Conception to Predictive Validity.
Psychology of sport and exercise 2017 ; 22: 20-26.
PubMed ID : 28473739
PMCID : EMS72028
To develop and test the utility of a domain-specific scale in adolescents for predicting physical activity behaviour.
Two independent studies were conducted. Study 1 examined the psychometric properties of a newly constructed Domain-Specific Physical Activity Efficacy Questionnaire (DSPAEQ) and study 2 tested the utility of the scale for predicting leisure- and school-time physical activity.
In study 1, descriptive physical activity data were used to generate scale items. The scales factor structure and internal consistency were tested in a sample of 272 adolescents. A subsequent sample of Canadian ( = 104) and New Zealand ( = 29) adolescents, was recruited in study 2 to explore the scale's predictive validity using a subjective measure of leisure- and school-time physical activity.
A principle axis factor analysis in study 1 revealed a 26-item, five-factor coherent and interpretable solution; representative of leisure and recreation, household, ambulatory, transportation, and school physical activity efficacy constructs, respectively. The five-factor solution explained 81% of the response variance. In study 2 the domain-specific efficacy model explained 16% and 1% of leisure- and school-time physical activity response variance, respectively, with identified as a unique and significant contributor of leisure-time physical activity.
Study 1 provides evidence for the tenability of a five factor DSPEAQ, while study 2 shows that the DSPEAQ has utility in predicting domain-specific physical activity. This latter finding underscores the importance of scale correspondence between the behavioral elements (leisure-time physical activity) and cognitive assessment of those elements ().