The development of microalbuminuria is associated with raised longitudinal adiponectin levels in female but not male adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes.
Diabetologia 2008 ; 51: 1707-13.
PubMed ID : 18622594
PMCID : 0
We determined the longitudinal relationship between adiponectin levels and the development of microalbuminuria in an inception cohort of children with type 1 diabetes.
Blood samples collected annually over a median of 9.0 (range 1.3-14.9) years were assayed for adiponectin and HbA(1c) in 55 children (36 girls) with type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria whose age of onset of diabetes was 9.4 years (range 2.2-15.4). Samples were also assayed from normoalbuminuric children (controls) matched for age, sex and duration of diabetes.
Overall, adiponectin levels were higher in girls than in boys, but only after 11 years of age (median [range]: 15.3 [5.8-124.4] vs 11.6 [4.1-26.5] mg/l, p < 0.001). Furthermore, adiponectin levels were higher in girls with microalbuminuria than in control girls, but this was only apparent after the onset of microalbuminuria (p = 0.001, adjusted for BMI, daily insulin dose, HbA(1c) and age). In boys, adiponectin levels did not differ between those with microalbuminuria and controls. Further sex-related discordant associations with adiponectin levels were observed; in girls, adiponectin levels were positively related to HbA(1c) levels (r = 0.2, p = 0.05) and urine albumin excretion (r = 0.3, p < 0.05) and inversely related to BMI (r = -0.2, p < 0.05). These associations were absent in boys.
In adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes but not in boys, adiponectin levels increase with increasing urine albumin excretion and onset of microalbuminuria. Although causal links cannot be inferred, this sexual dimorphism may reflect interactive effects of hyperglycaemia and sex steroids on risk of complications and adiponectin production.