Free-living physical activity energy expenditure is strongly related to glucose intolerance in Cameroonian adults independently of obesity.
Diabetes care 2008 ; 32: 367-9.
Assah FK, Ekelund U, Brage S, Mbanya JC, Wareham NJ
DOI : 10.2337/dc08-1538
PubMed ID : 19017776
PMCID : PMC2628709
We examined the cross-sectional association between objectively measured free-living physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and glucose tolerance in adult Cameroonians without known diabetes.
PAEE was measured in 34 volunteers using the doubly labeled water method and indirect calorimetry (resting). Fasting blood glucose and 2-h postload blood glucose were measured during a standard 75-g oral glucose tolerance test.
There was a significant negative correlation between PAEE and 2-h glucose (r = -0.43; P = 0.01) but not fasting glucose (r = 0.1; P = 0.57). The inverse association between PAEE and 2-h glucose remained after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI (beta = -0.017 [95% CI -0.033 to -0.002]) and was unchanged after further adjustment for waist circumference, body fat percentage, or aerobic fitness.
PAEE is inversely associated with 2-h glucose independently of adiposity or fitness. Interventions aimed at increasing PAEE could play an important role in diabetes prevention in developing countries.