What happens to people diagnosed with tuberculosis? A population-based cohort.
Epidemiology and infection 2007 ; 135: 1069-76.
PubMed ID : 17288641
PMCID : PMC2870683
We examined different patient outcomes following diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). Incident cases were reported to the enhanced surveillance system in the East of England, between 2000 and 2003. For the 575 cases reported in 2001 and 2002, outcomes were assessed 1 year after initiating treatment. The crude clinical incidence rate of TB was 6.0 cases/100,000 person-years (pyr) [95% confidence interval (CI) 5.7-6.4], highest in the 25-29 years age group (14.9, 95% CI 12.9-17.1 cases/100,000 pyr) and among Black Africans (328.6, 95% CI 286.9-374.6 cases/100,000 pyr). Patients born abroad were 2.35 (95% CI 1.03-5.32) times more likely to be lost to follow-up than those born in the United Kingdom. Age at diagnosis (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.04-1.07) and pulmonary disease (OR 2.73, 95% CI 1.21-6.15) were independently associated with mortality. Elderly patients and those with pulmonary TB appear to have worse outcomes despite treatment. Foreign-born patients may need closer follow-up to ensure favourable outcomes.